Environmental Justice and Economic Degrowth: An Alliance between Two Movements
The relationship between environmental justice and degrowth movements in the Global North
Joan Martíinez-Alier discusses how environmental justice and economic degrowth are interlinked. Social metabolism refers to the flows of energy and materials in the economy. The study of social metabolism overlaps with industrial ecology. The small movement for degrowth in the North focuses on both physical variables and new social institutions. It breaks with the unquestioned assumption that the economy should grow forever. Peak population might be reached around 2045 at perhaps 8.5 billion people. As population stabilizes or declines slightly, the proportion of old people increases. The environmental justice movements are fighting a wide variety of abuses over their land, air, and water in traditional indigenous territory to urban environments. Energy cannot be recycled, therefore even a non-growing economy that uses large amounts of fossil fuels would need fresh supplies coming from the commodity frontiers.
(annotation from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263218788_Environmental_Justice_and_Economic_Degrowth_An_Alliance_between_Two_Movements)
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